Data recently published by the WDC examines the extent of rural commuting to urban centres for work.
The WDC Policy Briefing No. 6 Commuting to Work, Rural Dwellers, Urban Jobs shows that over a third (35.5%) of workers live in rural areas, but just over a fifth of jobs (21.3%) are in rural areas.
This Policy Briefing shows that many rural dwellers commute to work over long distances and shows the importance of urban based employment as a very important element in sustaining rural communities. It highlights the need for job creation strategies to focus on where people live, in rural areas and towns across the country, and not just on the larger cities. Without greater efforts to disperse employment growth there is likely to be more pressure on rural dwellers to commute or move to take up jobs in the larger gateways.
The WDC Policy Briefing notes that
- nearly one in five (19%) of all rural dwellers commute to work in one of the nine NSS gateways; and
- one in four (24.4%) commute to work in towns
- over a quarter of rural dwellers commuting to work in the Galway (25.6%) and Waterford (24.9%) gateways, work in IDA business parks
- over 18% of rural dwellers commuting to work in Sligo work in IDA business parks
Based on analysis of Census 2011 Place of Work data (POWSCAR), the data show that across the country the most significant employment destination for rural dwellers is urban areas. These workers are profiled and case studies provide further insights.
The Policy Briefing can be downloaded from http://www.wdc.ie/wp-content/uploads/WDC_Policy-Briefing-no-6-Commuting-Final.pdf
- The Gateways are the nine National Spatial Strategy Gateways of Dublin, Cork, Limerick/Shannon, Galway, Waterford, Dundalk, Sligo, Letterkenny/(Derry) and Athlone/Tullamore/Mullingar.
- Towns are those population centres of 1,500 and above and excluding the nine NSS gateways.
- Rural is defined using the CSO classification where settlements with a population of less than 1,500 and open countryside are defined as rural.